Difference between organic and inorganic chemistry pdf

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Difference between organic and inorganic chemistry pdf

Both organic and inorganic compounds may contain carbon. Organic compounds contain carbon bonded to hydrogen. Hans Reniers. Organic and inorganic compounds form the basis for organic chemistry and inorganic chemistry. Organic chemists study organic molecules, their synthesis, and the reactions between them.

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Inorganic chemists study all other types of substances, including salts, metals, and minerals. The main difference between the two classes of substances is that organic compounds always contain the element carbon, while most inorganic compounds lack this element. Because there are carbon-containing inorganic compounds, the presence of carbon is not sufficient to classify a compound as organic! With very few exceptions, organic compounds contain carbon atoms bonded to hydrogen atoms to form the C-H bonds.

Many organic compounds also contain oxygen atoms. Compounds made within living organisms are organic molecules. The main classes of organic compounds are carbohydrates, fats, proteins, and nucleic acids. Inorganic substances include all pure elements, salts, many acids and bases, metals and alloys, and minerals. Compounds in which a non-carbon atom forms a chemical bond with hydrogen are inorganic. Most organic compounds are made within living organisms, but the molecules may form via other processes.

Solar radiation can supply the energy needed to convert inorganic compounds into organics. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed. Search for:.

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Leave a Reply Cancel reply.The 2 main branches of Chemistry are Organic and Inorganic chemistry. The difference between an organic and an inorganic compound is that organic compounds have a Carbon in its chemical. Organic Chemistry studies the structure, properties, composition, and reactions of compounds that contain carbon.

These molecules are related to substances produces by living organisms, but it also includes human-made substances such as plastics. Some examples are: Nucleic Acids, Fats, sugars, proteins, enzymes, and hydrocarbon fuels. The application of organic compounds is huge, includes: pharmaceuticals, petrochemicals, food, explosives, paints and cosmetics. Organic compounds are common in our daily life, they include rubber, plastics today almost everything can be made out of plastic, from cars to prosthesiscosmetics, textiles and detergent.

Inorganic chemistry studies the synthesis and behavior of the inorganic compounds, which do not have C-H bond. Inorganic compounds include salts, metals and substances made from only one element.

difference between organic and inorganic chemistry pdf

Inorganic compounds are found in nature as minerals, but also man-made substances are inorganic, such as fertilizers. It has applications in: Materials science, pigments, surfactants, coatings, medications, fuels and agriculture.

Inorganic compounds are used to create things we use daily. For example Ammonia is involved in the creation of plastics, fibers and nylons, as well as in the creation of adhesives.

difference between organic and inorganic chemistry pdf

Another example is Chlorine which is used in the manufacture of furniture, fertilizers, pharmaceuticals and insecticide.

Most of them are insoluble in water but soluble in organic solvents such as diethyl, ether and toluene. Almost all of them are flammable and have slow reactions. Inorganic compounds on the other hand, have ionic bonds, most of them are solids with high melting points. Many of them are soluble in water but insoluble in organic solvents.

Few inorganic compounds are flammable and reactions are usually fast. Organic and inorganic compounds are opposites, but in many industries, they work together to create different products. Article last reviewed: St. Skip to content. Organic vs. Inorganic Chemistry. Common Ion Effect. It only takes seconds! Upload your Homework.Essentially, a compound is a type of molecule. A molecule can be made up of two or more atoms of the same element or two or more atoms of different elements.

However, compounds are molecules that are made up of atoms of different element. A molecule is the smallest amount of a chemical substance that can exist.

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Such as the smallest amount of water one can have is a molecule of water or H It is made of up different atoms together; hence it can be separated back into the different atoms.

Compounds are divided into two main categories: organic compounds and inorganic compounds.

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However, the problem arises as over the years the definition as to what constitutes an organic compound and an inorganic compound has differed significantly. Even now, there is no definite description of what fits in which category. The commonly accepted guideline is that organic compounds are generally compounds that nearly always contain carbon-hydrogen bonds, while everything else that does not is classified as inorganic compounds.

There are some exceptions to this rule. Mainly, the division of organic and inorganic compounds depends on a set of properties defining each set. Some compounds are highly complex and have high molecular masses. These complex compounds are stable. Composed of few elements only, commonly carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, sulfur, and phosphorus. Classified into many classes on the basis of functional groups, known as homologous series. Each class is represented by a general formula and the members show similar properties.

Include salts, metals, substances made from single elements and any other compounds that don't contain carbon bonded to hydrogen. Difference between Organic and Inorganic Compounds. Key difference: The commonly accepted guideline is that organic compounds are generally compounds that nearly always contain carbon-hydrogen bonds, while everything else that does not is classified as inorganic compounds.

Generalized properties of Organic and Inorganic Compounds: Organic Compounds Inorganic Compounds Many are gases, liquids or solids Most are solids Usually always contain carbon, especially carbon-hydrogen bonds May contain carbon.

Contain metal and other elements. Does not contain carbon-hydrogen bonds. Generally found in living matter, i.

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Generally obtained from non-living matter, i. Biological in nature Mineral in nature Some compounds are highly complex and have high molecular masses.

difference between organic and inorganic chemistry pdf

Inorganic compounds are less complex. Comparatively a complex compound is generally less stable.Organic vs Inorganic Food. Over the past two decades the world has become increasingly health and environmentally conscious. The world of social activism is no longer confined to protest marches and leaflet campaigns.

Today, consumers realize that they have the power to evoke change by voting with the most important tool at their disposal, their wallets. Today, it is a well known fact that if you want a cleaner environment and healthier food you should choose organic products. What makes food organic? In strictly scientific terms, organic substances contain carbon, the building block of life. By this definition, everything that we eat is technically organic.

However, agricultural parlance has changed the definition of organic when it relates to food and other consumables. Inorganic food encompasses everything that organic food is not. Organic food must be free from all synthetic chemicals. This starts at the ground level when a farmer prepares his field. He cannot use any petroleum-based fertilizer or chemically altered material in his soil. Manure and compost are acceptable natural products; Miracle Gro is not.

Chemicals are also not allowed for pest or disease control. A farmer can treat his crops with insecticidal soap or neem oil, but cannot use store-bought sprays unless they are certified organic. Organic food cannot be genetically altered in any way. Traditionally, changes to plants and livestock were accomplished through selective breeding techniques and hand pollination.

These techniques are still certified organic. Genetically modified food, or GM food, has been tampered with at the genetic level. Sometimes varieties of plants have been cross-bred to create hardier or tastier strains. GM seeds can be drought resistant or have higher yields.

Purists feel GM technology tampers with the work of Mother Nature and is therefore inorganic. Organic food cannot come in contact with inorganic food. Proponents of organic food say that the products are healthier than conventional produce.

Fewer chemicals mean fewer carcinogens. They also say that the food just tastes better. Summary: 1.Human being, like everything we know, is composed of matter. The study of such composition is the main objective of the branch of science known as chemistry. This has traditionally been distinguished between organic and inorganic matter, which has led to two specializations in that science, each dedicated to one of the two types of matter.

In this article we intend to answer this question. This discipline is of great importance and is considered one of the main ones within the so-called natural sciences, starting many other sciences from it.

Within chemistry we can find different specialties, being one of the first and best known the division between organic and inorganic chemistry. While the first is responsible for the study of those elements that are part of living beings, the second refers to the study of the rest of the elements. Next we will see the main differences between both types of chemistry. The main and most marked difference between organic and inorganic chemistry is found in the type of compounds with which each one works.

Organic chemistry works with all those components whose structure is based on or in which carbon appears and its interactions with other substances or elements especially hydrogen and oxygen, as well as nitrogen. With regard to inorganic chemistry, it works with any compound that does not contain carbon with the exception of some compounds such as carbon dioxideits structure and properties and its interactions with other components.

In organic chemistry it is very frequent that it is covalent bonds, while in the organic the ionic bond prevails. This difference is derived from the previous ones: although in both branches similar chemical reactions are observed or that act under the same principles, each of them has reactions in which it tends to specialize.

The investigations of the chemistry, as much of the organic as the inorganic, have allowed to obtain a deep knowledge of the operation and behavior of the matter.Decoded Science.

By DecodingScience Staff. Last Updated on November 12, A chemistry lab is an interesting place — just be careful what you touch. Image by Karpati Gabor. For most practical purposes, there are some 90 elements the chemist devotes his attention to.

Difference Between Organic and Inorganic

For feasibility, we divide chemistry up into a number of genres, including analytical chemistry, physical chemistry, quantum chemistry, biochemistry, inorganic chemistry and organic chemistry. The last two just listed might seem to be unequally divided up, as inorganic chemistry covers almost all of the elements, whereas organic chemistry focuses upon only one: carbon.

This is not to say other elements are not included along with the carbon. In fact, hydrogen, oxygen, sulfur, nitrogen, phosphorous and many other elements play an important role in organic chemistry. They simply are not the key players. Inorganic chemistry is generally the first form of chemistry the student learns. He or she will discover the metals and the non-metals. Acids, bases and salts will quickly join the discussion. Oxidation and reduction—the so-called redox equations—will soon take center stage.

Perhaps they will cover titration, or chemical analysis, as well, although that is more often associated with analytical chemistry. Finally, the semester ends. If the student had the patience to endure inorganic chemistry, he or she might choose to pursue organic chemistry. The world of the organic chemist is totally different from that of the inorganic chemist. In the organic laboratory, one might see long tables with vertical crisscrossing metal latticework from which to suspend glassware.

Color-coded valves that provide air, water, gas or vacuum will also be present, as will an abundance of sinks. Blackboards with chalk diagrams of carbon atoms linked in a row and all manner of hydrogen atoms branching off.

Single bonds will abound, but double and even triple bonds will appear. This is because carbon is one of only a few elements that bond to itself to form straight chains, branched chains, rings, and 3-dimensional shapes, such as the infamous cubaneC8H8. Yes, silicon and boron bond to themselves, but they are of far lesser significance than the many structures of carbon are. We know many millions of organic compounds—the compounds of carbon— to exist.The key difference between organic and inorganic substances is that all organic substances contain carbon as an essential component whereas inorganic substances may or may not contain carbon.

Most of the times, organic substances contain carbon, hydrogen and sometimes oxygen, along with C-H bonds. But most of the inorganic compounds do not contain carbon except some substances such as carbonates and cyanides which are categorized as inorganic due to historical reasons earlier scientists named these compounds as inorganic.

Therefore, the main difference between organic and inorganic substances lies upon the chemical composition of the substance. Overview and Key Difference 2.

What are Organic Substances 3. What are Inorganic Substances 4. Organic substances are the molecules containing carbon atoms as an essential component. Most of the times, these molecules contain hydrogen atoms and C-H covalent bonds. Typically, all the living things contain organic substances. Due to the ability of carbon to form chains via binding with other carbon atoms, there are millions of organic compounds in the world. However, some compounds contain carbon as a component but we do not categorize them as organic compounds because of historical reasons at early times, people considered substances such as carbonates and cyanides as inorganic because these are not substances that are only living organisms possess.

Figure A diagram for an Organic Substance containing Carbon atoms black Hydrogen atoms whiteOxygen atoms red and nitrogen blue. Sometimes, we divide them depending on the structure, properties, size, etc. The major tools that we can use for the structure determination of organic substances are a proton and carbon NMR spectroscopy, IR spectroscopy, X-ray crystallography, etc. Inorganic substances are molecules that contain chemical elements other than carbon.

But, there are some compounds that contain carbon but are inorganic. These are named as inorganic substances due to historical reasons as mentioned above. These compounds typically lack C-H bonds. In brief, any compound that is not an organic compound is an inorganic compound. Examples of these compounds include ammonia, hydrogen sulfide, all metals and most other chemical elements. Organic substances are the molecules containing carbon atoms as an essential component while Inorganic substances are the molecules that contain chemical elements other than carbon.

Difference Between Organic and Inorganic Food

Hence, this is the key difference between organic and inorganic substances. However, there are some compounds that contain carbon but are inorganic. Looking at some examples, organic substances include carbohydrates, fat, nucleic acids, organic polymers, etc. On the other hand, examples of inorganic substances include ammonia, hydrogen sulfide, all metals and most other chemical elements. More details on the difference between organic and inorganic substances are given in the below infographic.

We can categorize chemical compounds into two types of organic and inorganic substances. And, the key difference between organic and inorganic substances is that all organic substances contain carbon as an essential component whereas inorganic substances may or may not contain carbon. Available here.

With a mind rooted firmly to basic principals of chemistry and passion for ever evolving field of industrial chemistry, she is keenly interested to be a true companion for those who seek knowledge in the subject of chemistry. Figure An Inorganic Compound containing Sulfur. Leave a Reply Cancel reply.

difference between organic and inorganic chemistry pdf


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